Thursday, August 27, 2020

Economic Problems of US

The majority of the issues of the United States are identified with the economy. One of the significant issues confronting the nation today is government managed savings. The United States was one of the last major industrialized countries to set up a government managed savings framework. In 1911, Wisconsin passed the principal state laborers remuneration law to be held protected. Around then, most Americans accepted the administration ought not have care for the matured, crippled or penniless. In any case, such perspectives changed during the Great Depression in the 1930's. In 1935, Congress passed the Social Security Act. This aw turned into the premise of the U. S. social protection framework. It gave money advantages to just resigned laborers in business or industry. In 1939, Congress revised the demonstration advantage and ward offspring of resigned laborers and widows and offspring of expired specialists. In 1950, the demonstration started to cover many homestead and residential laborers, non proficient independently employed specialists, and many state and civil representatives. Inclusion turned out to be almost general in 1956, when legal counselors and other expert laborers went under the framework. Standardized savings is an administration program that enables laborers and resigned orkers and their families to accomplish a level of financial security. Standardized savings additionally called social protection (Robertson p. 33), gives money installments to help supplant salary lost because of retirement,unemployment, handicap, or demise. The program additionally helps pay the expense of clinical consideration for individuals age 65 or more seasoned and for some impaired laborers. Around one-6th of the individuals in the United States get government disability benefits. Individuals become qualified to get benefits by working in a specific period in an occupation secured by government managed savings. Businesses and laborers account the program through finance charges. Support in the government managed savings framework is required for about 95percent of all U. S. laborers. Government managed savings contrasts from open help. Government disability paysbenefits to people, and their families, to a great extent based on work accounts. Open help, or government assistance, helps the needy,regardless of their work records. Every single industrialized nation just as many creating countries have a government disability framework. The government managed savings program in the United states has three principle parts. They are (1) old-matured, survivors, inability, and emergency clinic protection (OASDHI), (2) joblessness protection; and (3) laborers' pay. This assessment was to be taken from the payrolls of the country's bosses and representatives. The administration felt that, similar to joblessness benefits, the government disability ought to be financed by the individuals who got the best advantage, the individuals who worked, and were at risk to require those advantages in the An arrangement that would influence those solitary who had paid such an assessment for various years would have done the individuals who were as of now enduring under the Depression no decent by any stretch of the imagination. Thus, the government managed savings plan started paying out advantages very quickly to the individuals who had been etired, or old and jobless, and who couldn't, principally on account of the discouraged financial conditions, to resign serenely. Along these lines, the administration had the option to achieve two destinations: first, it helped the economy pull out of the downturn, by giving a methods by which elderly individuals could bolster themselves and, by purchasing merchandise and enterprises, bolster others in the network ; and second, it indicated the more youthful specialists of that time that they no longer needed to fear experienced their retirement years in dread of destitution. In this manner, the government managed savings finance charge has been utilized to give enefits to the individuals who in any case would have little methods for help, and as of this composition, there has never been a year when Social Security benefits were not paid because of absence of Social Security pay. (Boskinp. 122) Social Security benefits expanded 142% in the period between 1950-1972. the older, yet a considerable lot of the survivers, the widows and youngsters, of the individuals who paid into the Social Security framework, have gotten government managed savings checks. These checks have paid for the food covers, and in numerous cases the advanced degree of the beneficiaries. Not at all like private protection firms, the United States Government doesn't need to stress over money related disappointment. Government securities are viewed as the most secure speculation cash can purchase so sheltered, they are considered â€Å"risk free† by numerous budgetary researchers. (Stein p. 198) The capacity of the United States Government to fund-raise to meet the necessities of the standardized savings ought to be no more in question than the administrations capacity to back the national guard, the lodging programs, the State Department, or any of different exercises that the bureaucratic governmentgets associated with. By paying out advantages similarly to all take an interest in Social Security-that is by not depending so intensely on complete installments in settling on the choice to pay out advantages, the framework can pay advantages to individuals who in any case will most likely be unable to manage the cost of a protection program that would give them as much assurance. One of the fundamental explanations behind the administration's association in this program, is its capacity and its longing to give protection benefits or poor people and bereft, who under the private market, probably won't have the option to gain the protection to proceed on a monetarily consistent course. The administration, at that point, is in an absolutely one of a kind situation to pay outbenefits that would be out of the scope of numerous American families. Another incredible favorable position of this framework, is the capacity of the legislature to modify the advantages for the impacts of inflation(Robertson p. 134) Private protection plans are absolutely incapable to alter for the impacts of swelling with complete precision. All together for an insurance agency to make this alteration, they would need to have the option to see forty-five years into the future, with twenty-twenty vision. At the point when a private pensionplan at present protects the twenty-year-old specialist, it can possibly ensure a fixed pay when the laborer arrives at sixty-five and a fixed pay is a prime casualty of swelling (Robertson p. 332) In request to alter for that expansion, the private protection firm would need to have the option to anticipate what the swelling rate will be from the second the laborer is safeguarded until the day he passes on, and afterward make the complexadjustments important to mirror this in the benefits plan. An expansion gauge that is too little will bring about the disintegration of the laborers retirement benefits. Since the legislature, not at all like the private protection firm, can ensure that it will exist well into the future, and will have the proceeded with pay of the Social Security assessment to draw upon, it can make on-the-spot modifications for changes in the expansion rate. A few changes, indeed, have been programmed in the ongoing years, hence mitigating the retired people of the occasional concern of whether this years advantages would be balanced, or whether the degree of installments would stay stable, in this way, comparative with the typical cost for basic items, making them less fortunate that ever before(Stein p. ). Notwithstanding the administration's capacity to make those vital changes and to consistently fund the Social Security program, numerous rivals of the framework contend that the administration programs are driving out the private protection industry. The measurements stay in any case. The government disability charge is one of the least assessments in the United States, and the main administrative expense in the nation, that is given for a particular reason. All different duties are placed into another reserve, with the goal that government assistance programs, guard, pace ventures, and different classes of government spending are totally financed from one goliath, uncategorized bowl of duty revenues(boskin p. 62). At the point when the Social Security framework was first settled, it was felt that an immediate finance charge, in light of the compensation of the specialist and paid both by manager and worker, would be the most attractive path for the individuals that were right now attempting to pay advantages to the individuals who weren't working, just as to accommodate some future prerequisites and handicaps. Along these lines, an uncommonly built finance charge was utilized to subsidize the program. By estimating the sum taken in by the duty to the sum, that is taken out, yet to the sum that will be taken out in future years, adversaries of the Social security framework put forth the defense that the framework will be not able to keep itself in such a way uncertainly. What's more, if Social Security were a private protection program, it wouldn't. In any case, the truth of the matter is that Social Security is certainly not a private program. it is subsidized by the legislature. Further, the administration is in an exceptional situation to change the laws of trade and agreement to modify the framework, making it progressively receptive to the requirements of the resigned, which, thus, would diminish their requirement for the Social Security benefits. For instance, the United states Government should raise the required retirement age. By raising the age to sixty-eight, the Social Security System could postpone paying out advantages for quite a while to a huge number of individuals, sparing the framework a lot of cash in benefits. Consequently, the administration is in a position which can't be contrasted with private industry. In this sense, taking a gander at government managed savings as a protection program and contrasting it with other protection programs in the private framework could without much of a stretch give the feeling that the framework is gong bankrupt, when in the truth it isn't. The thing to remember about the Social Security framework, at that point, is this: the framework itself is in no basic peril of breakdown. There is just transitory, income circumstance that must be deliberately taken a gander at. The government pays out 4. 5 billion more in Social Security benefits as it gathers in charges each year. Actually, $4. 5 billion is a little value, contrasted with different projects the government presently funds from general income. Other than tapping the general income reserve and raising as far as possible to 68 or even 70,the government has the choice of raising the

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Hollitz Chapter Essay

What is the association between the ‘’democratic spirit’’ of the American culture in the nineteenth century and the intrigue of extremist strict gatherings of the Second extraordinary arousing, as indicated by Nathan Hatch’s exposition? What job did the American Revolution play in developing intrigue to these gatherings during the enlivening, as indicated by the paper? Nathan Hatch looks at the Second Great Awakening to the Jacksonian period. He expresses that the men attempting to convince others to join their religion resembled despots attempting to get individuals to tail them. That simply like the starting phases of the upset, this was a period of intensity battle for strict pioneers. Bring forth composes ‘These developments engaged standard individuals by fully trusting their most profound otherworldly motivations instead of exposing them to the investigation of universal doctrine†¦.’ Just like the upheaval the Second Great Awa kening brought people a feeling of opportunity to accept what they needed to accept. In his last section he thinks of probably the greatest impact I accept to be with this enlivening. He composes ‘†¦they made salvation quickly open and promptly available.’ What proof do the essential sources and the article give to help Nathan Hatch’s clarification with respect to the development of guerilla strict gatherings during the Second Great Awakening? Do there seem to have been social inclination for it? There unquestionably was a social inclination towards the feelings on the development of the strict gatherings. The section by Harriet Martineau discloses to us perusers how ladies around then truly had no incredible importance or spot in the public arena and that religion gave them one. Likewise in the entry by a previous slave the slave clarifies the intrigue of Methodism. He clarifies how Methodism was increasingly reasonable and simpler to tune in to while as the religion he was rehearsing before he never got back home seeing however 50% of the gathering. Both of these entries can show how these two gatherings which are not socially seen as be ing higher up develop getting a kick out of the chance to the strict arousing in light of the fact that it gives them a feeling of higher self-esteem. Do the essential sources offer elective clarifications for the presence of the Second Great Awakening?

Friday, August 21, 2020

The Elephant Writing Paper - Writing For Less Time and From Your Heart

The Elephant Writing Paper - Writing For Less Time and From Your HeartWhen it comes to composing the Elephant Writing Paper, writing in a way that will help in writing a report, the writing is not about trying to get things right. It is about getting things wrong and then trying to cover up those mistakes and to make up for them in the next report that you produce.The writing is meant to help in getting your story down on paper without any spelling or grammatical errors. Even when the writer starts to realize that he has committed a mistake and knows that he should have used the correct word, he continues with the story. This is because of the mindset that has taken hold, which has a lot to do with fear.Since writing is a creative efforts, it means that the writer has given up his or her ego and has therefore quit being too worried about mistakes and errors that he has made and is just trying to deliver his story as fast as possible. If you feel like this, then I do not have to tell you how frustrating that can be!But when you take a step back and recognize that you are actually just completing a task that is supposed to be completed, and that what you are feeling is just a well-being of the writer, then you will be able to understand what the Elephant Writing Paper is all about. And this is the ability to write for less time and from your heart. These are two elements that have to be present in every writer.One way of writing that can help you out is to just go ahead and complete the task without even worrying about it. If you are doing it for money or for your work, then it is a good idea to lose the worry and not let yourself get stressed over a single mistake that you may have made in the writing process.Lastly, do not expect too much. You should also not forget that you are writing a professional report and so you have to know how to complete your work without getting carried away with the success of the piece. Remember that when it comes to stories or rep orts, there is no such thing as 'getting carried away' when it comes to your work, because these things will be judged by the company that you have written for.A professional who writes for his job is not supposed to get carried away with the success of the peace that he has written. This is especially true if you are working as a professional for an article directory and it means that you are writing for someone else's work. However, there is no reason why you cannot get carried away in the project and therefore can work more than the usual number of hours.Writing for a living is not an easy task and you have to be careful about the kind of reports that you are writing for a client. This is where the Elephant Writing Paper comes in handy, because when you are writing on something that is important to a client, you have to be very careful and vigilant about your writing so that you can avoid making mistakes while writing your notes or content.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Substance Abuse - 967 Words

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals. Substance abuse/drug abuse is not limited to mood-altering or psycho-active drugs. If an activity is performed using the objects against the rules and policies of the matter (as in steroids for performance enhancement in sports), it is also called substance abuse. Therefore, mood-altering and psychoactive substances are not the only types of drugs abused. Using illicit drugs – narcotics, stimulants, depressants (sedatives), hallucinogens, cannabis, even glues and paints, are also considered to be classified as drug/substance†¦show more content†¦Treatment Treatment for substance abuse is critical for many around the world. Often a formal intervention is necessary to convince the substance abuser to submit to any form of treatment. Behavioral interventions and medications exist that have helped many people reduce, or discontinue, their substance abuse. From the applied behavior analysis literature, behavioral psychology, and from randomized clinical trials, several evidenced based interventions have emerged: †¢ Behavioral marital therapy †¢ Motivational Interviewing †¢ Community reinforcement approach †¢ Exposure therapy †¢ Contingency management[41][42] †¢ Pharmacological therapy - A number of medications have been approved for the treatment of substance abuse. These include replacement therapies such as buprenorphine and methadone as well as antagonist medications like disulfiram and naltrexone in either short acting, or the newer long acting form (under the brand name Vivitrol). Several other medications, often ones originally used in other contexts, have also been shown to be effective including bupropion (Zyban or Wellbutrin), Modafinil (Provigil) and more. According to some nurse practitioners, stopping substance abuse can reduce the risk of dying early and also reduce some health risks like heart disease, lung disease, andShow MoreRelatedDrug Abuse And Substance Abuse2025 Words   |  9 PagesDrug abuse is the recurrent use of illegal drugs, or the misuse of prescription or over the counter drugs with negative consequences. The two terms, drug abuse or substance abuse can be defined as the use of chemical substances that lead to an increased risk of problems and an inability to control the use of the substance. Although drug and substance abuse do differ from addiction it sometimes can be mistaken for one another. Addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsiveRead MoreSubstance Abuse And The Active Substance Abuser1514 Words   |  7 Pagesmisadventures of the active substance abuser. Unfortunately, many people in this situation may feel alone and lost when it comes to the pathway to recovery. Not only for the addict or alcoholic, but a course of action that can give back some semblance of control and peace to the spouse. Sadly, the odds are never in favor for either of the two parties involved; however, people determined to salvage their connection with a loved one may yet be able to do so. Substance abuse of a loved one can be a nearRead MoreSubstance Use Disorder And Substance Abuse997 Words   |  4 PagesSubstance use disorder is defined as being a pattern of maladaptive behaviors and reactions brought about by repeated use of a substance, sometimes also including tolerance for the substance and withdrawal reactions. (pg. 294). The individual I will be talking about for the project is someone that came to crave a particular substance and rely on it every day. Their choice to devote so much of their time to their substance caused issues between their family and friends. Both family and friends startedRead MoreSubstance And Substance Abuse Among Inmates2272 Words   |  10 PagesSubstance Abuse among Inmates Substance abuse can be a big problem in our criminal justice system when dealing with the number of inmates who go back to their illegal activity after being released from custody. In specific, inmates who are drug users/ abusers are to be expected to go back to drugs once they get out. Without treatment they do not have the tools, knowledge, or resources to stay clean on the outside when released. The biggest hazard for an ex-inmate in the community is getting backRead MoreThe Problem Of Substance Abuse942 Words   |  4 Pagesuse various assessment tools to determine potential disorders that may be the root to a problem. Though at times a client may seek counseling with a known substance abuse issue there are more cases where a client is oblivious to the potential contribution that substance abuse has on the problem that help is sought for. Understood that substance dependency is nondiscriminatory to age, gender, race or creed, a therapist approaches the matter with the client kno wing that a problem is recognized and thereRead MoreThe Effects Of Substance Abuse1111 Words   |  5 PagesOpiate abuse in the United States is an epidemic. It is argued whether addiction is being handled correctly, and if the amount of resources for combating addiction should be increased. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, â€Å"The number of past-year heroin users in the United States nearly doubled between 2005 and 2012, from 380,000 to 670,000† (2014). This nation-wide increase of heroin abusers leads to another issue: how to treat them. One method of treatment is giving them another medicationRead MoreThe Substance Abuse Social Worker1052 Words   |  5 PagesThe Substance Abuse Social Worker Social workers have long worked with people who abuse substances, beginning in the 1800’s with sobriety houses and inebriate asylums, to settlement houses in the profession’s beginnings to developing self-help, consumer-driven programs, designing inpatient detoxification programs, and to applying youth-oriented prevention and education programs. As an addictions counselor, the social worker is a part of a specialized profession that began with the wounded healerRead MoreModels in the Substance Abuse Field 1206 Words   |  5 PagesThe term substance refers to all psycho active substances –â€Å"any substances when taken by a living organism may modify its mood perception, cognition deportment or motor function,† (DSM-IV, 4th edition) whether it is legal or illegal. Substance abuse refers to the utilization of a drug or other substances for non-medical purposes with the aim of engendering a mind-altering effect in the utilizer (MOH, 2005). It involves the utilization of illegal substances such as cannabis, misuse of licit drugsRead MoreSubstance Abuse And Its Effects On Society Essay1579 Words   |  7 PagesAmerica’s silent killer, substance abuse. Substance abuse affects the user and everyone that they are around and most of the time the user doesn’t even realize nor care that it affects other people because they are consumed by the substances. These substances have the power to dramatically change people’s lives, such as the physical toll it takes on our body, the ways in which it corrupts our metal process, and the detrimental effects it has on our social lives. Most substances that are used in our societyRead MoreSubstance Abuse And Drug Therapy1101 Words   |  5 PagesA person who has a substance abuse and a mental health disorder are identified as having a co-occurring disorder. Patients with substance use and mental health share common ground, because they hold the philosophy that treatment of chronic illness requires a long-term approach in which stabilization, education, and self-management are central (Drake, Mercer-McFadden, Mueser, McHugo, Bond, 2016, p. 589). A counselor can help give resources (NA meetings being available in their community) as well

Friday, May 15, 2020

Personality Disorders And The Challenges That Come With Them

Personality Disorders and the Challenges that Come with Them Gada Aref Abstract It is critical for those in the psychology field understand personality disorders. For many individuals is is necessary for their research the persons who are studying and researching the disorders with personality disorders to have better knowledge to become knowledgeable and can become better providers. Personality disorders are full of challenges from different ranges from individuals. There are many various types of personality disorders such as borderline personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and paranoid disorder. These are just a few disorders that can be named†¦show more content†¦What are the symptoms of personality disorders? Keywords: Challenges, personality disorders, symptoms, treatment Personality disorders are very challenging to live with both for the individual who diagnosed with a personality disorder and for those close to them. Many times people do not know what a personality disorder is and think that the suffering individual is just irrational and very hard to deal. Little knowledge is obtained at the moment since one cannot understand the hardships that they may be going through. Even those who possess knowledge of personality disorders still struggle with managing the symptoms. It is imperative for those in the psychology field to understand what personality disorders along with how one can be manage. Many times these are the professionals who will aid people with personality disorders; therefore, it is important for them to have knowledge on this topic and be very understanding since the job is extremely challenging yet rewarding. Personality disorders occasionally are stigmatized which increases the chance for a mental health care provider work wit h these individuals. Since that is the case of stigmatization with health providers, one can only imagine how other people in society who do not have much knowledge or education about these mental issues view and treat individuals with personality disorders. I believe the biggest problem is the lack of awareness on behalf of those with personality disorders and those who know

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Objectivity in Journalism - 665 Words

Objectivity in Journalism Merriam Webster defines objectivity as expressing or dealing with facts or conditions as perceived without distortion by personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations. Objectivity, as defined by the school of media ethics, means standing so far from the community that you see all events and all viewpoints as equally distant and important, or unimportant for that matter. It is employed by giving equal weight to all viewpoints--or, if not, giving all an interesting twist, within taste. The result is a presentation of facts in a true non-partisan manner, and then standing back to let the reader decide which view is true. By going about it this way, we are defining objectivity not by the way we go about†¦show more content†¦If the ideal of objectivity is hard to grasp, then perhaps better words are fair, impartial, neutral or balanced. It is the last concept of balance that is in practice each day for journalists. Each story a journalist writes must present the facts accurately and provide a balanced view of both sides of the issue. For example, if a journalist finds accurate information about the mayor stealing funds from the public, the mayor must be given the opportunity to respond and explain the circumstances. The notion that journalists must maintain objectivity is a relatively new concept. The early American publishers were involved in politics and helped bring about the Revolution. Thomas Paine is admired for his words on freedom for the common man, and in motivating the colonies to rebel against the British Redcoats. Thomas Paine wrote, These are the times that try mens souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands it NOW, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. I love the Internet as a journalistic platform, but I certainly see that it has as many flaws as traditional journalism. When I see the constant barrage of attacks from political partisans on the right and the left accusing journalists of being partial to the other side, If the journalists are getting attacked from both sides, it probably meansShow MoreRelatedObjectivity And Journalism1528 Words   |  7 Pagesjournalist student will tell you that the most important aspect of being a journalist is to be impartial, objective, and to always report the facts - not your opinion. Everyone knows what objectivity means, yet do they all follow the rules? Is it even possible for journalists to be objective? Most importantly, is objectivity a concept that even exists? I’m going to examine the evidence. We live in a word where most journalists and news corporations are labeled as being corrupt , biased and deliberatelyRead MoreObjectivity in Journalism1988 Words   |  8 PagesJournalists should express their ideologies and opinions while covering poverty, however, at the same time they should aim to maintain the objectivity and impartiality standards for effective and truthful and accurate reporting. In news reporting, objectivity is seen as one of the chief values for journalists. The objectivity norm guides to separate the facts from opinions and focus on reporting only the factual content, resulting in neutral and detached reports rather than emotional ones (SchudsonRead MoreEssay about Objectivity in Journalism968 Words   |  4 PagesObjectivity in Journalism Public journalism has changed much during its existence. Papers are striving to actively involve readers in the news development. It goes beyond telling the news to embrace a broader mission of improving the quality of public life. The American style of journalism is based on objectivity and separates us from the bias found in most European partisan papers. American journalism is becoming too vigilant in being objective that the dedication to investigatingRead MoreIs There Any Objectivity in Journalism and Public Realtions? Essay examples805 Words   |  4 Pagesrespect and esteem. In order to be a good professional, a journalist has to work in many levels. It is very important to make research, to take photos or videos and to be sure of the authenticity of the story. Then the story should be written with objectivity before being published to newspapers, magazines, websites, the radio or on TV. People should be informed properly. If the information or the facts are presente d as they are, this authenticity will separate the good journalist from the rest. On theRead MoreAndrew Stephens s Beyond News : The Future Of Journalism891 Words   |  4 PagesMany critics reject the notion of objectivity on the grounds that no person can be objective because we have biases and a variety of conflicts that we bring to our jobs. Mitchell Stephens, author of Beyond News: The Future of Journalism offers an argument against objectivity. Stephens states that objectivity is impossible because as much as one may try to disappear from the work, there is a kind of meditation that takes place in journalism no matter what, (117). By selecting who to interview or whichRead More Journalism and Social Media1319 Words   |  6 PagesBecause I am a journalism student, I have talked, researched and discussed with many of my fellow students and faculty members about the topics above. I am choosing to talk about this because I think it is important and they are pertinent issues in the journalism field. I am also very interested in this topic, so I thought it wou ld be fun to take the opportunity you gave us to design our own multi-part question and write about something in journalism that is appealing to me. I recently read anRead MoreObjective Journalism vs. Partisan Journalism1439 Words   |  6 PagesBen Thompson Rachel Miller DIS 611, W 9 a.m. Objective Journalism vs. Partisan Journalism Objective journalism in the United States should be reconsidered to accommodate the demands of varied audiences and increased media outlets. With the media growing in magnitude and influence, many people are looking for fresh, like-minded news sources. Declines in newspaper readership and television news viewing among many Americans suggests that objectively reported news is a failing philosophyRead MoreObjectivity And The Social Responsibility Theory936 Words   |  4 PagesPart I: Objectivity in journalism is claimed by many media sources yet is one of the hardest things to find when searching the news. An objective view in journalism associates itself with the social responsibility theory, in which a person must provide a variety of views for a piece of information given to the public (Grossber 383). While many journalists may claim they are objective, this type of communication to the public is difficult to achieve, as a natural bias develops within a person fromRead MoreClim ate Change Denial and the Media1506 Words   |  7 Pagesreceived three times the coverage of environmental issues (Project for Improved Environmental Coverage). When the environment does in fact receive such scarce coverage, the issue of climate change is often times covered under a guise of false objectivity. A valid argument can be made that the media has failed the public on the issue of climate change by framing its legitimacy as subject to a balanced 50/50 debate in order to uphold a mutated standard of fairness and balance- when the reality isRead MoreIs Journalistic Objectivity Beneficial?1093 Words   |  5 Pagesfacts and not the opinions. In this paper I will first define what journalistic objectivity, and then address the following questions, Can or should a journalist be objective, under what circumstances can objective journalism be beneficial, and under what circumstances can objective journalism be harmful? â€Å"A definition of journalistic objectivity†¦Ã¢â‚¬  offered by Sandrine Boudana of New York University says that â€Å"Objectivity is a standard that promotes truth, defined as correspondence, grounded in correctness

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Marketing in the Late 19th Century free essay sample

Background, theory practice of product promotion advertising in print media. Includes examples (steel, medicine, cigarettes) and looks at the psychological aspect, socioeconomics and ethics. Marketing Practices in the late Nineteenth Century Introduction The development of marketing thought as a theory began early in the twentieth century (Bartels, 1976, p. 9). Before that, market and trade behaviors were explained from a macroeconomic viewpoint (Bartels, 1970, p. 32) that characterized man as a social individual and an economic entity (Bartels, 1976, p. 13). Although such theories did discuss buyer behavior in the market, they did not offer a theory from the standpoint of the market or consumer until the contention that consumption is the end and object of production became the basis for marketing writers taking a more consumer viewpoint (Bartels, 1976, p. 13). Advertising Practices Leading up to the Late Nineteenth Century The seventeenth century marked the development of the..